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What Is?

What is Bee Pollen?

Pollen is the male seed of flowers required for the fertilization of plants. There are two types of pollen: (1) Anemophile or wind carried pollens. These are the types that often cause allergic reactions such as hay fever. (2) Entomophile Pollens are carried by insects primarily honeybees, and are heavier than anemophile pollens. Insect carried pollens never become airborne and are not the culprits of allergic reactions. Quite the contrary, Bee Pollen is a very effective treatment for seasonal pollen induced allergies and other allergies also.

How Bees Collect Bee Pollen

On arriving at a flower, the honeybee scrapes off the loose pollen from the stamen with her jaws and front legs, along with the natural collection of it on her hairy body. Using the pollen combs on her legs, she brushes the gold powder from her coat in mid-flight and pushes it into the pollen baskets on her hind legs. When the baskets are full, one granule of pollen as we know it has been collected, made up of many 1000's of tiny grains of pollen. The pollen dust on her body will brush off onto the next flower and pollination will be completed.

Pollen Nutrition

Chemical analyses from research laboratories all over the world show pollen provides all the nutrients humans need for life support. In clinical tests around the world pollen has been established as a complete food. A complete food has been defined as a foodstuff that provides all the nutrients necessary for life and health.

Bee gathered pollens are rich in proteins, free amino acids, vitamins, including B-complex and folic acid. In addition they contain variable quantities of an anti-biotic, which is potent against E-coli and Proteus. Bee pollen acts favourably in the intestines, on the hemoglobin level of the blood and the renewal of strength in convalescents and the aged.

It has been recorded that "Bee Pollen corrects the failings due to deficient or unbalanced nutrition common in customs of our present day civilization of consuming incomplete foods often with added chemical ingredients, which expose us to physiological problems as various as they are numerous."

Research Results 

Researchers in Russia have recorded that, "Bee Pollen is the richest source of vitamins found in nature in a single food." A researcher in France records, "Bee Pollen is more rich in proteins than any animal source. Bee pollen is particularly concentrated in all elements necessary for physical life." According to a British Doctor, "Bee Pollen is the finest, most perfect food. The health restoring properties of honeybee pollen have been proven time and time again. Honey bee pollen not only builds up strength and energy in the body, but it gives increased resistance to infection."

Researchers have demonstrated that there is a substance in bee pollen that inhibits the development of numerous harmful bacteria. Experiments have shown bee pollen contains an antibiotic factor effective against salmonella and some strains of coli bacillus.

A cancer specialist in Mexico states, "in the biological treatment of cancer, proper nutrition is gaining more and more importance. To my knowledge, there is no better and more complete natural nutrient than honeybee pollen. Properly used, it should always give the expected results. A shift to natural non-aggressive agents in the management of cancer is mandatory for better results and happier patients."

Other studies and tests done on cancers and the immune system were concluded as follows: ".. an addition of bee pollen to enriched food, stimulated the immunological reaction, which may be due to the presence of specific stimulating factors in the bee pollen grains." White blood cells are the "soldiers" of our immune system whose job it is to rid the system of injurious and harmful substances, including infected or diseased cells, mutant and cancerous cells, viruses, metabolic trash, and so on. Gamma globulin is the protein formed in the blood and our ability to resist infections is closely related to this proteins activity.

In Russia and Sweden, it is common practice to prescribe Bee Pollen as a medicine for certain conditions as it is listed as a prescription medicine, and in France and Spain Bee Pollen is considered a pharmaceutical substance, and is sold through pharmacies and not health shops.

All this indicates that Bee Pollen has tremendous benefits for all those who choose to take it. It is a food that can contain all the 22 basic elements needed by the human body to function properly. An interesting fact is that scientists have not been able to reproduce scientifically a pollen that is comparable in any way to what nature and our creator has provided in pure, natural Bee Pollen.

Possible Benefits of Bee Pollen

The following are possible recorded benefits from the use of Bee Pollen:
Increased energy
Weight control
Clearance of allergies
Teenage hormonal misbehaviour
Increase immune system activity
General Health and Beauty
Reproductive and sexual function
Stimulating appetite
Improvement in digestive problems
Prostrate disorders
Treating Depression

Suggestions for taking Bee Pollen

  • Take a teaspoonful with a glass of water
  • Sprinkle it on cereal, fruit, or yoghurt
    Combine with Mossop's honey or your favourite jam, or spread
    Crush it and add to fruit juice, etc
    Add it to a jelly, or similar desert
    Protein shakes
    Salad dressings
    Take it by the teaspoonful

Let your imagination go. Just do not cook it as this destroys the live enzymes and the nutrient value.

Caution:If you are allergic to any Bee Products, the use of Bee Pollen is not recommended.
If you have not used Bee Pollen before, we recommend that you start using a little at a time, for example, 1/4 of a teaspoon to start with for a week, then ½ tsp for a week, etc building up the required quantity over a period of 3 or 4 weeks.

Pollen is the male seed of flowers needed for the fertilization of plants. Bees collect this essential protein food for feeding to their young on the hairs of their body and scrape it into their pollens baskets on their back legs. Bee Pollen is rich in proteins, free amino acids, and vitamins and is also valuable to us as a dietary supplement to help with our general well-being and many ailments.

What is Propolis?                             

Propolis is a sticky resin that is collected by honeybees from the buds or bark of trees. Sometimes called bee glue, the bees carry home propolis in their pollen baskets.

The purpose of Propolis in the Beehive

Blended with beeswax flakes, the bees make a caulking compound to plaster up unwanted holes or openings in their hive. It is also used to line the interior of the brood cells prior to the queen laying eggs in it, a most important procedure that ensures a perfectly clean environment for the rearing of brood. Bees also use propolis to embalm any dead aliens such as mice, cockroaches etc that they cannot remove from the hive. They quickly cover such an intruder with a thick layer of propolis completely sealing it off and thus preserving the cleanliness of the hive. Bees of foraging age collect propolis only during warm days when the resinous material is soft and malleable. Using her sharp mandibles, she tears off a tiny glob. If the source is extra sticky she may need to take time kneading the glob into shape before transferring it to one of her pollen baskets. She then repeats the procedure, placing the next glob into the pollen basket on her other leg, so enabling her to balance her load. The collection and unloading of propolis can take several hours of work for the bee that will not unload until her pollen baskets are completely full. Sometimes she may return to the hive for a feed of honey then return to the collection site to continue loading.

Historical Uses and Knowledge of Propolis

The great Roman scholar, Pliny the Elder (79-23BC) talks extensively about propolis in his Historia Naturalis encyclopedia, where he gives it three distinct categories: (1) "Commosis" which refers to the bees use as a disinfectant paint for the brood cells and interior walls of the hive (2) "Pissoceros" the mixture of propolis and wax used to glue up holes and reinforce structural weakness and (3) "Propolis" which comes from two Greek words - 'pro' meaning before, and 'polis' which means city and was given this name because the bees use it to decrease the size of their hive entrance to reduce the invasion of intruders. Pliny also cited the medicinal action of propolis and its ability to reduce swelling, soothe pain, and heal the most hopeless sores.

It has been questioned whether propolis is related to frankincense and myrrh mentioned in holy writings of many civilizations including the Bible? Frankincense is described in modern dictionaries as 'an aromatic gum resin from various trees', and Myrrh is defined as 'an aromatic resinous exudation from plants'? With such definitions it does make one wonder if the ancient people gathered these substances from wild beehives also? Before their destruction by the Spanish conquistadors, the Incas used propolis topically against inflammations and swellings, while during the Boer War of 1888-1902, propolis was mixed with petroleum jelly and used to disinfect battle wounds and to speed healing. In industry, it has been used in the production of an exceptionally fine and smooth varnish especially on musical instruments handcrafted by the Italian Antonius Stradivarius. Dissolved in alcohol, it was used to preserve the shining finish of gold leaf on statuary, moldings and plaster ornamentation on walls and panels. Leather treated with propolis develops a superior lustre and is still used in tanning today in some remote areas of the globe. In intensely cold climates such as Russia, Mongolia and Siberia propolis diluted with oil or turpentine was used to treat wood and so protect it from cracking or rotting.

The Composition and Properties of Propolis

Propolis is a complex mixture of chemical elements that vary according to its source and colours range from golden-brown to brownish-green to reddish-brown to blackish-brown. A broad analysis reveals approximately 55 percent resinous compounds and balsam, 30 percent beeswax, 10 percent ethereal and aromatic oils, and 5 percent bee pollen, along with flavonols, cinnamic acid, cinnamyl alcohol, vanillin, caffeic acid, tetochrysin, isalpinin, pinocembrin, chrysin, galangin, and ferulic acid. Altogether, 130 different chemicals have been identified, although not every sample of propolis has every one, nor are the proportions the same, but there is a definite sameness to all propolis.

Modern Values and Uses of Propolis

Another medicinal marvel from the beehive, research shows propolis offers antiseptic, antibiotic, antibacterial, anti-fungal and even antiviral properties, and has often been called Russian penicillin due to the extensive research done by the Russians. Medical research has also been done in Scandinavia, Poland and Romania with amazing results. Successful results were achieved for many conditions including cancers, infection of the urinary tract, swelling of the throat, gout, open wounds, sinus congestion, colds, influenza, bronchitis, gastritis, diseases of the ears, periodontal disease, intestinal infections, ulcers, eczema eruptions, pneumonia, arthritis, lung disease, stomach virus, headaches, Parkinson's disease, bile infections, sclerosis, circulation deficiencies, warts, and conjunctivitis. A Romania study showed cancer patients treated with propolis went into remission.

The invaluable property of the natural products of the beehive is that they exhibit immuno-stimulating characteristics, that is, unlike modern drugs, bee-made products do not depress the immune system. On the contrary, propolis and bee pollen, actually boost the immune defense forces in the body. This makes propolis Nature's Preventive Antibiotic. The immune system is supported and strengthened by the ingestion of propolis and modern scientific studies indicate that those who take propolis regularly escape winter colds and sore throats and seem to develop a natural immunity to common viruses including flu strains. Chemical antibiotics destroy all bacteria in the body including the healthy, necessary ones, whereas propolis works against harmful bacteria without destroying the friendly bacteria the body needs. Propolis has also been proven effective against staphylococcus strains of bacteria that are antibiotic resistant.

Propolis Remedies

There are several products available today using propolis. Following are the products Mossop's Honey have available in their Shoppe at Tauriko:

Cough Elixir: For fighting sore throats, opening airways and relieving chest congestion.
Propolis Lozenges: Sooths sore throats and coughs and is safe for children and pregnant women.
Propolis Soap: Antiseptic soap excellent for cleansing the skin for acne and pimples.
Propolis Toothpaste: Strengthens gums and enhances oral hygiene

CAUTION: In regular use, propolis has been known to build resistance to respiratory distress, flu, coughs and colds, and to assist the immune system without inhibiting the immune actions as do drug anti-biotics. Generally, there are few, if any, known or proven, bad side effects except for people who suffer allergic reactions to bee venom, or other products from the beehive, caution would need to be taken, or if you are an asthmatic. Always start off with very small quantities at first and increase gradually, as with Bee Pollen. If in doubt consult your physician first.

Propolis Tincture: This is great as a type of 'iodine', which can be used externally and also internally. Apply it to sores and infections on the skin or take a few drops in water orally as a gargle for sore throats. This is available in and alcohol or non-alcohol base. Apply to cuts, sores, fungal infections, pimples, acne, and cold sores. Dilute for sensitive skins. Taken daily, you have a marvelous, simple and safe preventive medicine, and unlike chemical antibiotics produced by drug companies, propolis does not cause the body to build up a tolerance.

Here are some old yet very effective remedies that you can try yourself. Prepared new remedies are available over health and honey shop counters, such as propolis lozenges and elixirs.

Sore Throat: Put a lump of propolis in your mouth and let it melt. The juice is bitter, but the results are remarkable. As you swallow the propolis-rich saliva bathes your throat entirely with a disinfecting antibiotic. Swelling may be reduced, and the infection can clear up overnight.

Cuts and scrapes: Treat minor cuts and scrapes, skin irritations, pimples, acne, and non-specific skin rashes with propolis tea. To prepare pour boiling water over a crushed lump of propolis. Allow it to steep, then pour the resulting tea into a sterile jar and keep on hand. Apply as needed.

Corns: Coat the area with a thick layer of softened propolis and cover with an adhesive bandage. Apply more propolis at night before going to bed. Repeat this treatment each day. The hard corn should soften and be easy to remove in a few days.

Preventive Medicine: Propolis tincture is both a good preventive and a substitute for the propolis tea. Crush a lump of propolis and steep it in pure, food grade alcoholic spirits. (Vodka is recommended). the resulting golden brown liquid can be taken by the teaspoonful, on a sugar cube, or on a square of bread. Taken daily, you have a marvelous, simple and safe preventive medicine, and unlike chemical antibiotics produced by drug companies, propolis does not cause the body to build up a tolerance.

Side effects: In regular use, propolis has been known to build resistance to respiratory distress, flu, coughs and colds, and to assist the immune system without inhibiting the immune actions as do drug anti-biotics. Generally, there are few, if any, known or proven, bad side effects although it would be wise for me to mention here that for those people do suffer allergic reactions to bee venom, and other products from the beehive, caution would need to be taken, or if you are an asthmatic. Always start off with very small quantities at first and increase gradually, as with Bee Pollen. If in doubt consult your physician first.

What is Royal Jelly?

Royal Jelly is a thick creamy milky-white substance, that nurse bees aged between 5 & 15 days secrete from their hypo pharyngeal glands located on either side of their head. It is synthesized in the nurse bees body during digestion of bee pollen.

Royal Jelly is a very complex substance. Following is a broad chemical analysis:

Moisture 66.5%, protein 12.3%, lipids 5.5%, reducing substance 12.5%, minerals .8%, unidentified elements 2.8%. It also has been found to contain B-vitamins, thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacin, pantothenic acid, Vitamins A,C & E, biotin, inositol, folic acid, 20 amino acids, is rich in proteins, plus fatty acids, sugars, sterols, phosphorous compounds, acetyl choline. Acetyl choline is important in transmission of nerve messages.

Royal Jelly is also rich in nucleic acids, and a gelatin that is a precursor to collagen an anti-aging element and also has gamma globulin, an infection fighting immuno-stimulating factor. Decanoic acid a substance that has strong antibiotic activity against bacterial and fungal infestations has also been found in Royal Jelly.

Use in the Hive

During the first 3 days of larva development the worker bees are fed a diluted form of Royal Jelly mixed with honey. After this initial 3 days they are fed beebread only (mixture of honey and pollen). The Queen Be is fed Royal Jelly only. It is this amazing substance that transforms a worker egg into a Queen Bee. She matures sooner and is bigger with developed sex glands.


The important element in Royal Jelly is pantothenic acid called the longevity factor, this B-vitamin helps process nutrients in the body and also helps arm the body against infection.

Arteriosclerosis or hardening of the arteries is a common problem today due to cholesterol. Royal Jelly helps reduce this. It has also been tested on patients with: senility, arthritis, Parkinson's disease, anorexia nervosa and has been found to help in many of these and other neurological disorders.

In a lecture to the German Medical Assoc., Royal Jelly was summarized thus:
The effects of the active substances and nutrients contained in Royal Jelly take place throughout the body. This bitter-tasting substance helps normalize and regulate all functions of the body and with its blend of hormones, nutrients, enzymes, and biocatalysts, it revives and stimulates the functions of the cells and secretion glands, increases metabolism and stimulates the circulatory system.

Cancer: Experiments show that it may have the ability to inhibit the growth of leukaemia and cancerous tumours when it is used as an inoculation against these diseases.

Skin: Through tests and research it has been concluded that Royal Jelly, as a local application in face masks, creams, and lotions has an excellent effect at cellular level. In regular use, the skin becomes soft and wrinkles disappear. When used topically as a salve on radium treated skin, the damaged skin healed rapidly and symptoms disappeared.

Antiviral: In high concentrations, royal jelly and propolis have antiviral effects. In a study on 220 people it was found that a combination of the two plus honey had an obvious anti-viral effect against influenza and also against other viruses.
Aging: During the aging process bodily functions diminish. This can be slowed down with the use of royal jelly. It has been proven to be a first-rate therapeutic agent in this. The gamma-globulin and gelatinous collagen when injected assist blood chemical composition.

NB Tests are still continuing in all aspects of its use, mostly in Europe!

Caution: One or two cases of contra-indications have been noted when taken internally by asthmatics. Caution is required if you suffer from asthma or are allergic to beestings.

Bibliography: “Activity of 10-hydroxydecenoic Acid from Royal Jelly Against Experimental Leukemia & Asciutic Tumors”. Nature, vol.183, May 1959; Clinical Value of royal Jelly and Propolis Against Viral Infections by Filipic B & M Likvar; Presence of Gamma Globulin in Injectable Royal Jelly & its Use in Revitalizing Processes, paper by Lamberti, JR & LG Cornejo.


Beeswax is the building block of the beehive. It is a substance secreted by the worker bee that is approximately 3 or 4 weeks old, from the wax glands under her abdomen. To stimulate the production of beeswax the bees gorge themselves with honey and huddle together often in a 'string' cluster to raise the temperature. They may stay in this position for up to 24 hours. The bees consume about 5 kilograms of honey to produce about half a kilogram of wax.

On contact with the air the wax hardens and forms tiny scales. Using her hind legs the bee removes the scales of wax and passes them up to her mandibles or jaws where it is chewed before being placed on the honeycomb.

At the normal hive temperature of 38oC beeswax can support a considerable weight and yet still be moulded by the bee's jaws. Beeswax melts at 64oC.


Beeswax is most often used for making candles either from plain or coloured sheets of pressed wax, or by melting the wax and pouring it into moulds. It is also used in soap, skin care products, as a coating on sweets and pills, massage balms, as a base in many skin treatment balms, in furniture polish, batik art, on drawer runners to make them slide more smoothly and also on the thread used in quilting and heavy sewing to assist its passing through the materials.

Benefits of beeswax in cosmetics:

Protective: When applied to the skin, beeswax forms a protective barrier that helps protect it from the harsh environment, while also holding in moisture and reducing dryness. This is one of the reasons beeswax is often used in lip balms. Unlike ingredients made from petroleum, however, beeswax doesn’t “suffocate” the skin, and won’t clog pores.

Antibacterial: Like honey, beeswax has antibacterial properties, helping keep skin clean and reducing the risks of contamination in the formula itself. In fact, a 2005 study found that a honey/beeswax mixture inhibited the growth of bacteria and fungus, making it a potential treatment for diaper rash and other bacterial skin conditions. (check out our balm range which is formulated around honey and beeswax!)

Humectant: Some ingredients “attract” water, and beeswax is one of them. When you put it on, you attract water molecules, helping to keep skin hydrated over time.

Vitamin A: A good source of this vitamin, beeswax helps support cell turnover and reconstruction.

Fragrance: There’s no reason to use harsh chemicals to make products smell good. Natural ingredients work so much better! Beeswax has a natural honey fragrance, and is a favorite in soaps and perfumes because of its pleasant, light aroma.

Itching: If you suffer from dry skin itching, dermatitis, eczema, or any type of itching related to a skin condition, beeswax is for you. A study published in 2012 found that those patients who suffered serious burns, and later went through “post-burn itch” when the burns were healing, experienced relief with an herbal oil cream and beeswax combination, so much so that they were able to cut back on their use of medications for the itch. Because beeswax is anti-allergenic, it is also easily tolerated by even those with reactive skin.

CAUTION: When melting beeswax always place the wax in a small saucepan, then place the small saucepan inside a larger pan of water. Never place a pan of wax directly onto the heated element or source of heat! Beeswax does not boil, it just gets hotter and hotter until it ignites. Beeswax, if overheated can be highly inflammable, so caution is important to monitor the temperatures. Do not heat more than 2 or 3 degrees above its melting point.